unidentified object of affection of Borges, later renamed J. M., perhaps Judith Machado
mysterious man to whom Shakespeare's sonnets are dedicated
Silva Valdés poem
13th century Viking king
city in the Netherlands
San Cristóbal de La Habana, Havana, capital of Cuba
German Orientalist, 1775-1839, translator of part of the Arabian Nights for the Breslau edition of 1835-1843
Bustos Domecq, 1932
Parodi: obra en prosa cuyo título sugiere que posiblemente habría sido motivada por las observaciones de Badoglio sobre el abuso de galicismos por parte de Bustos.
Borges book of poems and short prose, 1960
unpublished long essay by Jorge Guillermo Borges
Bernabé Pérez Ortiz, 1935
German scholar of China, 1864-1935, author of Chinesische Philosophie, Der Buddhismus and other works
underworld of Greek mythology
Greek god of the underworld
region in Yemen
Fate or Destiny
son of Hildebrand in the Hildebrandslied
German biologist and philosopher, 1834-1919, author of Der Kampf um den Entwicklungsgedanken, Anthropogenie and other works
Haedo is a city located in Partido of Morón, Buenos Aires province, Argentina. It forms part of the urban conurbation of Greater Buenos Aires.
cousin of the narrator in Borges story Funes el memorioso.
Fishburn and Hughes: "Haedo was a family surname of Borges: his mother's cousin was Francisco Haedo. As a child Borges and his family spent summer vacations at the Haedo ranch near Fray Bentos. A few miles north, on the banks of the river Uruguay, there is a small town by the same name." (85)
Borges's cousin, married to the Uruguayan writer Enrique Amorim
Borges's uncle in Uruguay, father of Esther Haedo
uncle of the narrator in Borges story "Funes"
Ibsen play on the theme of the Laxdoela Saga
Khwāja Šamsu d-Dīn Muḥammad Hāfez-e Šhīrāzī, Persian lyric poet, 1325-1389
Tulio Herrera novel, 1965
character in the Nibelungenlied
British writer, 1856-1925
German expressionist poet, perhaps the painter who died in Karlsbad in 1944
Haifeng, city in China east of Hong Kong.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A Chinese town east of Hong Kong." (85)
Japanese genre of short poem
Hyderabad, city in Andhra Pradesh state in India
Fishburn and Hughes: "A state in south central India. Nizam is the title of the reigning prince." (95)
Moore autobiography, consisting of Ave, 1911, Salve, 1912, and Vale, 1913
town in Idaho
Al-Moqanna, the Veiled Prophet of Khorasan, d. 779
Haakon IV, "the Old," Norwegian king, 1204-1263
count in the Heimskringla
Sturla Thordarson saga about king Hakon of Norway, who had instigated the murder of Sturla's uncle, Snorri Sturluson
character in the Njals Saga
Icelandic poet, co-author with Rognvald of the Hattalykill
Jehudah Halevi, Jewish rabbi, poet and philosopher, born in Spain, c.1075-1141, sometimes Judah ha-Levi or Judah Halevy
legendary king in the Halfssaga
Milward Kennedy, 1930.
Ellery Queen mystery, 1936
Icelandic saga about the legendary king Half
Halicarnassus, Greek city in Asia Minor
British religious figure, 1839-1934, compiler of Lord Halifax's Complete Ghost Book, 1936
character in the Njals Saga
scholar of Old English poetry and author of A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 1855-1931
pseudonym of Margaret Radclyffe-Hall, 1880-1943, author of the lesbian novel The Well of Loneliness, here mentioned as author of The Sixth Beatitude
Marcial Tamayo Saenz, short story.
ora bard of Iceland
city in southeastern Germany
Union general in the U. S. Civil War, 1815-1872
Vidor film, 1929
probably Karl Ludwig von Haller, Swiss jurist and historian, 1768-1854
English astronomer, 1656-1742
Icelandic skald who died in Scotland
character in the Njals Saga
Argentine classical scholar who studied with Amado Alonso
Italian-born Argentine scholar, 1900-1986
Dutch painter, 1580-1666
tree nymphs of classical mythology
Hamburg, city in northern Germany
French classical author born in Ireland, 1646-1720, author of Memoires du comte de Gramont, Zeneyde, Les Quatres facardins and other works
Coleridge essay in Notes and Lectures upon Shakespeare
Shakespeare tragedy, 1603
prince of Denmark, character in Shakespeare, called Amleth or Amlodi in earlier accounts
Michael Innes, novel, 1937.
Swedish statesman, secretary general of the United Nations, 1905-61
Austrian orientalist, 1774-1856, author of Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches and other works
US detective novelist, 1894-1961, author of Red Harvest, The Maltese Falcon and other works
pseudonym of Henri Bourrillon, French writer, 1876-1962
editor of Twenty One-Act Plays, 1935
neighborhood in northern London
one of the sons of Pharez in the Bible
dynasty that ruled China from 206 B.C. to 220 A.D.
Chinese philosoopher, c. 280-233
9th century Chinese writer cited in the Anthologie raisonee de la litterature chinoise
Oliver Onions fantastic novel, 1939
German composer, 1685-1759
Lindsay prose work, 1916
US jazz and blues musician and composer, 1873-1958, editor of Blues: An Anthology and author of Father of the Blues
one of the monsters in Ezekiel's dream
town in Staffordshire, now part of Stoke-on-Trent
Maronite who aided Galland in his translation of the Arabian Nights
La ascensión de Hannele, Hauptmann play with a dream sequence, 1893
town in Missouri on the Mississippi River
Hanno, Carthaginian explorer sent to West Africa before 480 B.C., of whose report a Greek version survives
capital of Vietnam
Hugh Walpole novel, 1929
owner of a restaurant, the "3 de febrero," known in the mythology of the tango as "Lo de Hansen," in the Palermo neighborhood in Buenos Aires, from 1874 to 1892
Parodi: “la inolvidable pista de Hansen”: conocido por el apellido de su primer propietario, Juan Hansen, “Lo de Hansen” fue un café con pista de baile −para algunos, una mezcla de prostíbulo suntuario con restaurante− que desde 1877 funcionaba en los jardines de Palermo (cf. “Toros” i §2). Considerado una de las cunas del tango, fue demolido en 1912.
Bohemian-Austrian music critic, 1825-1904
biographer of Cézanne, Coleridge and others
monkey god in the Ramayana
Sioux god of thunder
Harold III , Norwegian king, d. 1066 at Stamford Bridge.
Fishburn and Hughes: "The son of a Norwegian chief who fought against the Danes under King Olaf II of Norway. At the King's death, Harald took refuge in Russia and served under the Prince of Kiev; from there he enlisted in the army of the Byzantine Emperor Michael IV. His military exploits form part of Byzantine and Norse medieval history. King of Norway from 1047, Harald expanded Norse rule over Orkney, Shetland and the Hebrides, and claimed the throne of England at the death of Edward the Confessor in 1066, allying himself with the rebel Tostig against the new English king, Harold II. He was defeated and killed on 25 September 1066 at Stamford Bridge." (85)
Harold I , first king of Norway, c. 850-c. 933
Viking commemorated on runic inscription found in eastern Canada
Norwegian king and saint, 995-1030
U. S. president, 1865-1923
German scholar of Buddhism, 1852-1904, author of Der Buddhismus nach alteren Pali-Werken, 1890, and numerous other works on Indian religions
US film actor, 1892-1957, worked in team with Stanley Laurel
English novelist and poet, 1840-1928
Hugh Walpole, 1926
German theologian, 1851-1930, author of Lehrbuche der Dogmengeschichte, Geschichte der altchristlischen Litteratur and other works.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A German religious historian and patrologist, famous for his formulation of Gnosticism as 'the acute Hellenisation of Christianity'. Harnack was opposed to any form of 'Hellenisation' (the interpretation of early Christianity in the light of Greek tradition), holding that Greek sources were an intrusion into Christian theology. As a result he was critical of traditional Christian dogma. See Wilhelm Bousset." (85)
English king, son of Godwin, ear of Wessex, 1022?-1066, defeated by the Normans at the battle of Hastings.
Fishburn and Hughes: "The last Anglo-Saxon king of England, who was defeated and killed by William the Conqueror at the battle of Hastings. Harold assumed the crown on the death of Edward the Confessor in 1066 in the face of two other claimants, Harald Hardrada of Norway whom he defeated at Stamford Bridge and William of Normandy." (85)
Harold Bluetooth, Danish king, d. c.985
character in Bustos Domecq and Suárez Lynch stories
Parodi: 1) otro de los miembros de la banda internacional de ladrones, supuesto veterano de la guerra de Cuba. Mencionado también en “Toros” y en Modelo V. El nombre del coronel evoca el del propietario de una muy célebre casa editora de Londres, George G. Harrap (1868−1938).
2) “la noche aquella en que Harrap lo guardó en la letrina”: Parodi evoca una escena de “Goliadkin” en que el coronel Harrap impidió que Montenegro visitara en el tren el camarote de la baronne Puffendorf -Duvernois y lo encerró en el baño para caballeros, que don Isidro llama ‘letrina’; cf. “Goliadkin” i §15.
city in Ethiopia
Argentine poet, 1924-1995
US writer, born in Ireland, 1856-1931, author of My Life and Loves, biographies of Shakespeare, Shaw and Wilde, and numerous novels and collections of short stories
British scholar, 1894-1991, author of works on Shakespeare and English poetry
US writer, 1836-1902, author of The Luck of Roaring Camp and Other Sketches and many other works
ghost in Lord Halifax's Ghost Book
character in Jorge Max Rohde book, combination of the Baron de Rothschild and Harun-al-Rashid
fifth Abbasid caliph, c. 764-809, sometimes Arrasid, al-Raschid, Emir de los Creyentes, even Aarón el Ortodoxo; also a character in the Arabian Nights
in Cambridge, Massachusetts
in Icelandic saga, see Havarth
author of the first three editions of the Oxford Companion to English Literature and co-author of the Oxford Companion to French Literature
Carriego poem, published posthumously
German expressionist writer, 1890-1940
ancestors of Borges through Fanny Haslam
pseudonym used by Borges in the Revista Obra, 1935-36
Borges's English grandmother, 1842-1935
author of History of the Land Called Uqbar, 1874, and A General History of Labyrinths.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A fictional name, perhaps a tribute to Fanny Haslam, Borges's paternal English grandmother, who is recalled in 'Story of the Warrior and the Captive'. Borges has, on occasion, published under the name David Haslam. See Borges." (86)
Feuchtwanger novel, 1923, translated as The Ugly Duchess
Hassan ibn Sabbah, founder of the Assassins at the end of the 11th century
Viking warrior in Etruria
town in England, site of battle in 1066 between King Harold and William the Conqueror
British official in India, first governor-general, 1732-1818
Shakespeare's wife, 1557?-1623
Egyptian goddess of love and festivity
Sandburg poem, 1922
collection of skaldic songs
a list of verse forms by Snorri Sturluson, part of the Prose Edda
Hawara, archeological site in Egypt, here mentioned as an ancient labyrinth
La librería encantada, Christopher Morley novel, 1919
Wilkie Collins, 1878.
German playwright, 1862-1946
Hungarian art historian, 1892-1978
"Words of the High One, Odin," part of the Elder Edda
character in Icelandic saga
Icelandic saga about Havarth
town in Massachusetts
British film actress, b. 1916
Parodi: “como Errol Flynn y Olivia de Havilland en Vamos a Méjico que en inglés se llama Sombrero”: Errol Flynn (1909−1959) y Olivia de Havilland (1916−?), entre 1935 y 1941 fueron la pareja cinematográfica más célebre de Hollywood; filmaron juntos en siete ocasiones y al menos tres de esos films están ambientados en el Lejano Oeste, como la supuesta película que menciona Mariana. Los títulos que señala Mariana dan pie a una broma sobre las caprichosas titulaciones de películas extranjeras en su traducción al castellano.
island archipelago in the Pacific, former kingdom, now state in the United States
perhaps Sir John Hawkwood, English condottiere, d. 1394 in Florence
ancestors of Nathanie Hawthorne, including Major William Hathorne, early Puritan settler in Salem
US writer, 1804-1864, author of The Scarlet Letter, The Marble Faun, The Blithedale Romance, Wakefield and other works
Carriego poem, published posthumously
US editor and publisher, 1905-1991, editor of Murder for Pleasure
French phycisian (1841-1933).
four angelic beings in Jewish tradition
English essayist, 1778-1830, author of countless essays on drama, poetry and history, as wel as travel books and letters.
Fishburn and Hughes: "An English critic and essayist. 'Hazlitt's infinite Shakespeare' refers to Hazlitt's Lectures on the English Poets (1818), where he wrote: 'He was just like any other man, but that he was like all other men.... He was nothing in himself; but he was all that others were or that they could become.' Borges paraphrases these words in 'From Someone to Nobody' (TL 341) and develops Hazlitt's idea in 'Everything and Nothing' (CF 319)." (86)
The Autobiography of R, 1937 book written in collaboration with Henry Wysham Lanier, about the 1889 Mayerling Incident, the murder-suicide of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria and his lover Baroness Mary Vetsera
Dickson Carr, novel, 1946.
Chesterton story in The Wisdom of Father Brown
town in Maine
Norah Barnacle, 1884-1951, wife of James Joyce, here called by her mother's surname
English writer on religion and psychology, 1889-1971, author of Pain, Sex and Time
US writer, 1850-1904, author of various books on Japan
US financier and newspaperman, 1863-1951, model for Citizen Kane in Orson Welles movie
Wilkie Collins, 1883.
Conrad short novel, 1902
Graham Greene, novel, 1948.
a misprint for O. Henry
Wilder novel, 1935
German tragic dramatist, 1813-1863
minor Greek goddess, daughter of Hera and Zeus
Heine, third book of the Romanzero, 1851
Yehuda Abrabanel, Jewish philosopher poet, c. 1465-1520
Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews, in the Bible
in Greek mythology, goddess of ghosts and witchcraft
By Francisco Ayala
in Bible, Acts of the Apostles
See Faits divers de la terre et du ciel
Trojan hero, son of Priam
Ibsen play, 1891
character in the Prose Edda
German philosopher, 1770- 1831, author of Wissenschaft der Logik, Philosophie der Geschichte and numerous writings on logic, history, politics and aesthetics.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A German philosopher, one of the foremost representatives of nineteenth-century idealism. According to Hegel's definition of reality, individual facts are not rational in themselves but only if viewed as aspects of the whole. The whole is called the 'absolute'; it is spiritual, and can only be reached by a process of logic. Deutsches Requiem: this process, known as 'dialectics', is composed of a triadic movement of thesis, the original statement, antithesis, its counterpart, to which the first gives rise, and synthesis, the unification of the two. This synthesis then becomes the new thesis in the next stage of the movement. The Theme of the Traitor and the Hero: Hegel's dialectical system of knowledge also operates in his vision of history. Deeply religious, Hegel viewed the universe as a manifestation of God, the absolute, who arrives at final self-knowledge through the history of finite beings. The human mind, rising from mere consciousness, passes through various stages, culminating in religion and perfect knowledge. Hegel further expands this principle by observing the various dialectic and cyclical stages of human progress in the realisation of God's purpose." (86)
warriors in the Gudrun
Fishburn and Hughes: "From the Arabic hijrah, emigration: the term for the starting point of the Muslim era, dated at 622 AD, when Mohammed fled from Mecca to Medina. The second caliph, Umari, introduced the Muslim calendar, which began with the first day of the lunar month, 16 July 622. The seventh century after the Hegira would therefore correspond to our fourteenth century." (87)
German philosopher, 1889-1976, author of Sein und Zeit and other works.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A German philosopher who influenced Existentialism. Borges criticises Heidegger's philosophy as one which 'plays at desperation and anguish' but basically aims at enhancing the importance of the 'ego' and flattering its 'vanity' (‘Note on Bernard Shaw’, Other Inq. 166). Elsewhere he belittles Heidegger's achievement: 'He invented one of the German dialects, but nothing else' (Borges mem. 78). CF 391: The sentiments attributed to Heidegger's 'refutation' can be traced to his Rektoratsrede, where he demonstrates his warm reception of National Socialism, emphasising its ideas of strong, even violent, personal leadership. Heidegger speaks of a people knowing itself and discovering its own essence in the state. He places the statesman among his list of genuine creators, demanding of his leadership 'the strength to be able to walk alone'. The suggestion of Hitlerian demagoguery echoes Heidegger's words (Freiburger Studentenzeitung, Nov.3, 1933): 'The Führer himself and he alone is the German reality of today and for the future, and its law.' In later years Heidegger repudiated this position." (87)
university city in Germany
Swedish poet and novelist, 1859-1940, winner of Nobel Prize for Literature in 1916
Judaísmo y Cristianismo, Max Brod, 1921
Christ the Redeemer
Sudermann play, 1893
in Scandinavian mythology, watchman of the gods, guardian of Valhalla
1928 film based on Leonhard Frank's Karl und Anna
Snorri Sturluson's history of the Norse kings
See Heine, Heinrich
German lyric poet, 1797-1856, author of the Buch der Lieder, Romanzero and other works
German scholar, 1857-1927, author of Deutsche Dichtung, grundriss der deutscher Literaturgeschichte and other works
US science fiction writer, 1907-1988
Louis Untermeyer biography, 1937
12th century Austrian monk and poet, author of Von des todes gehugde and Das Priesterleben
German physicist, 1901-76, important for his work on quantum mechanics and the "Uncertainty Principle"
Hellanicus of Lesbos, Greek writer, fl. c. 450-406, author of lost works on mythology and history
13th century collection of stories of Germanic heroes
selections from Keller's diaries for 1936-37
religious epic poem written in Old Saxon during the reign of Ludwig the Pious, 814-840
Guillermo Torre book of Ultraist poems, 1923
Utopian socialist community founded by Upton Sinclair in Englewood, New Jersey in 1906
Greek believer in Vishnu
Varius Avitus, called Heliogabalus or Elagabalus, Roman emperor, c.205-222.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A dissolute Roman emperor, originally named Bassianus. He served in the Roman army in Syria, where he was popular with the Roman troops for his exceptional beauty, and was appointed high priest of the sun god of Emesa, Elagabal. Elected emperor in 218 at the age of 15, he took the name Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and added 'Heliogabalus' in honour of the god whose secret rites he introduced into the capital. His brief reign, marked by debauchery and cruelty, exemplifies a decadent and turbulent imperial court. Jealous of the popularity of his abstemious cousin, Alexander, he attempted to murder him; he was later killed by the Praetorian Guard in a latrine, together with his mother. The anecdote of the emperor writing 'on shells the lots... destined for his guests' is told by Lampridius in the Historia Augusta (2.22.1)." (87)
ancient city in Egypt, now northeastern part of Cairo.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A city in Egypt important for the worship of the sun god Ra. Among its few remains are the obelisks known as Cleopatra's needles." (87)
religious center of the Ituraean tetrarchy, now called Baalbek in Lebanon
character in Bioy Casares novel
old Norse name for Labrador
character in Ibsen's The Doll House
The Loyalty and Bravery of the Swiss: inscription on the Lion Monument in Lucerne, Switzerland
US novelist, 1899-1961, author of The Sun Also Rises, For Whom the Bell Tolls, The Snows of Kiliminjaro and numerous other works
Runeberg treatise maintaining that Judas was the Messiah, 1909
town in northern Germany
learned doctor mentioned by Gibbon, d. 1787
author of The Life and Times of John Wilkins, 1910
Jutish leader of 5th century invasion of Britain with his brother Horsa
German Lutheran divine and theologian, 1802-1869, author of Christologie des Alten Testaments and editor of the Evangelische Kirchenzeitung.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A German Protestant theologian and leader of the orthodox Lutherans, a bitter opponent of 'rationalism' as a method of Old Testament criticism. In 1830 he mounted a violent attack on the rationalist Gesenius." (88)
English pastor, translator of Beckford's Vathek from French to English in 1785
English poet, 1849-1903, collaborator with Stevenson on Deacon Brodie and author of Invictus
scholar, 1901-1974, author of The Lonely Tower, a study of Yeats
German theologian, author of Terrae incognitae, 1944-1956
German scholar of the Islamic world, 1861-1927, translator of the Koran and the Arabian Nights
Voltaire epic poem on Henri IV of France, 1723
Dominican diplomat, essayist and historian, 1885-1968, author of Breve historia de modernismo and other works
Dominican critic and teacher, 1884-1946, author of Ensayos críticos, Historia de la cultura en la América Hispánica and other works.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A critic and teacher from the Dominican Republic, once considered the foremost Latin American literary historian. He spent most of his later life in Buenos Aires where he was one of the original contributors to Sur, the literary magazine founded by Victoria Ocampo. Henriquez Ureña was a long-standing friend of Borges and collaborated with him in the publication of Antología clásica de la literatura, argentina (1937)." (88)
West biography, 1916
Shakespeare historical play, c. 1597
Shakespeare play, 1613
character in The Picture of Dorian Gray
riva of Deor in the Deor
US film actress, 1907-2003
Greek god of metalworking
collection of tales by Marguerite de Navarre, 1558
Parodi: “el Heptamerón de la Reina Margarita”: se trata de una colección de relatos escritos por Marguerite d’Angoulême (1492-1549), más conocida como Marguerite de Navarre, que fue princesa de Orleans y reina consorte de Navarra. A semejanza del Decamerón de Boccaccio (cf. infra), en el Heptameron (1540-1549), diez viajeros sorprendidos por una tempestad se refugian en una abadía y durante siete días cuentan historias que comentan los oyentes; el resultado son setenta y dos relatos sobre el tema del amor, que describen y satirizan prácticas eróticas sobre todo de la corte renacentista de Navarra.
goddess in Greek mythology
hero in Greek mythology, see Hercules
Heraclides Ponticus the Younger, Greek grammarian and poet, fl. c. 30-60.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A Greek philosopher, born in Heraclea (Pontus), a pupil of Speusippus and Plato. Many books in philosophy, rhetoric, music and mathematics are attributed to him, though nothing survives. Diogenes Laertius states that Heraclides, a trickster by nature, once persuaded the people of Heraclea that, by giving him a golden crown, they would avoid the famine which threatened their city. Before dying he arranged for his corpse to disappear, wishing people to believe that he had ascended bodily to Heaven, but the plan was discovered and his name ridiculed." (88)
Heraclitus of Abdera or Ephesus, Greek philosopher, c. 535-c. 475.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A Presocratic philosopher, of whose work only oracular fragments remain. His philosophy, in opposition to that of Parmenides, was based on the principle of permanent movement in nature due to the continuously changing character of its primordial element, fire; the process takes the form of a perpetual conflict of opposites, struggle and unity. This concept found echoes in the dialectics of Hegel. Isolated epigrammatic remarks by Heraclitus on his contemporaries and predecessors survive, mainly pungent and contemptuous." (88)
French orientalist, 1625-1695, author of a Bibliothèque orientale
English poet, 1593-1623, author of The Temple
poem in Rilke's Buch der Bilder
Portuguese novelist and historian, 1810-1877
Heracles or Herakles, hero in Greek mythology
nickname for Olaf Haraldsson
Agatha Chirstie, novel, 1938.
Frank Fraser Darling book, 1937
German philosopher and critic, 1744-1803, author of Uber die neuere deutsche Literatur, Uber den Ursprung der Sprache, Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit and other works
wife of Snorri Sturluson
French Parnassian poet born in Cuba, 1842-1905, author of Les Trophées
city in western England
Chesterton book, 1905
English leader of the resistance to William the Conqueror
Hermann of Reichenau or Herimannus Augiensis, German scholar and chronicler, 1013-1054, author of a Chronicum ad annum 1054
Freeman biography, 1926
Weaver monograph, 1921
Borges and Levinson story
Bratya Karamazovy, Dostoevski novel, 1880
Marx Brothers, US comedic actors
Beccadelli or "Panormita" collection of obscene epigrams
Parodi: “El hermafrodita de Antonio Panormitano”: Antonio Beccadelli (1394−1471), llamado el Panormitano, fue poeta, jurista, diplomático y humanista siciliano. El hermafrodita (1425), la primera colección de poesía erótica latina publicada durante el Renacimiento, reúne ochenta epigramas; la Iglesia prohibió su lectura por licenciosa. Desde 1443, Beccadelli fue protegido de Alfonso V de Aragón (1396-1458) en el reino de Nápoles.
Fishburn and Hughes: "In Greek mythology the herald or messenger of the gods, the protector of herdsmen and the god of science, commerce, invention, the arts and, above all, travellers. In this last role Hermes was also the guide of the souls of the dead to their final abode (psychopompos). In art he is usually represented as a vigorous youth with winged helmet and sandals. A guide in both life and death, Hermes is referred to as two-faced." (89).
brand of boots
Parodi: “traje de montar de Redfern, ponchillo de Patou, botas de Hermés, maquillaje pleinair de Elizabeth Arden”: marcas de ropa y de cosméticos, todas de lujo y alta moda.
Hermes Trismegistus, Greek translation of name of Egyptian god of wisdom, Thoth, to whom the hermetic books were attributed
Fishburn and Hughes: "A collection of occult writings, known as the Corpus Hermeticum, dating from the first to the third centuries. Their origin was ascribed to the Egyptian god Thoth, who received from the Greeks the name Hermes Trismegistos ('thrice-great Hermes'). They include a text called Asclepius, thought to have been used by St Augustine in the writing of Civitas Dei." (89)
one of Pythagoras's previous incarnations, a soldier in the Trojan War
soldier at Paysandú
Mexican writer, 1904-1958
Argentine politician and gauchesque poet, 1834-86, author of the Martín Fierro as well as Instrucción de estanciero, Vida de Chacho and other prose collected in Prosas de Martín Fierro
Parodi: 1) político, periodista y poeta argentino, autor de El gaucho Martín Fierro (1872) y su continuación, La vuelta de Martín Fierro (1876).
2) “do ya braceara José Hernández”: José Hernández, el autor del poema El gaucho Martín Fierro (cf. “Palabra” §13), fue un decidido partidario de López Jordán. Tras el asesinato de Urquiza, Hernández se unió a la rebelión del caudillo entrerriano; derrotado el movimiento en 1871, Hernández partió al exilio.
public scribe, stock figure
brother and biographer of José Hernández, author of Pehuajó
father of José and Rafael Hernández
gaucho, member of the Unión Cívica Radical who was killed in Paso de los Libres in 1934
Herod Antipas, tetrarch of Galilee mentioned in New Testament, d. c.39 A.D.
king of Judea who ordered the massacre of the innocents, reigned 40-4 B. C.
Greek historian, 484?-425?.
Fishburn and Hughes: "A Greek historian, born in Halicarnassus, known as the 'father of history'. After travelling in Asia Minor, Greece and Egypt, Herodotus settled in the Greek colony of Thurii in Italy. His History, full of charm and subtlety, relates the struggle between Greece and Persia, with numerous digressions. CF 171: Herodotus (2.87) gives details of the Phoenix, having seen it in a painting, and describes the bird's ritual returns to Heliopolis." (89)
name for Juan Manuel de Rosas after the campaign of 1833 against the pampas Indians
bar in Bustos Domecq story
Parodi: célebre calle de la ciudad de Viena.
Uruguayan politician, 1841-1912, also the name of a street in Montevideo
Uruguayan modernist poet, 1875-1910, author of Los parques abandonados, Los éxtasis de la montaña and other works
Parodi: poeta modernista uruguayo, 1875-1910, autor de Los parques abandonados (1902-1908), Los éxtasis de la montaña (1904-1907). Herrera es mencionado también en “Gradus” §23.
Spanish poet, 1534-1597
character in Bustos Domecq story, author of Hagase hizo, Madrugar temprano and other works
Parodi: escritor supuestamente nacido en Buenos Aires un 24 de agosto (el mismo día en que, en 1899, nacía Borges). Bustos le atribuye tres obras: una Apología; el poemario Madrugar temprano y la novela Hágase hizo.
Argentine literary scholar, author of El poeta de hombre: Almafuerte y su obra, 1918
Spanish poet who lived in Argentina, associated with the Centro Republicano Español
English poet, 1591-1674
family in cycle of Hugh Walpole novels
author of Zen in the Art of Archery, 1953
author of Zen in the Art of Flower Arrangement, 1958
German scholar, author of Nordische Mythologie and Danische Geschichte des Saxo Grammaticus
Fishburn and Hughes: "A Teutonic fertility goddess, formerly known as Nerthus, said by Tacitus to have been worshipped by early German tribes (Germania 40). Hertha corresponds to the Nordic Jord, earth goddesss and mother of Thor. In Germanic sagas Hertha (or Erda) is the oldest and wisest of the gods to whom Wotan appeals for knowledge." (89)
German physicist who was the first to demonstrate the existence of electromagnetic radiation, 1857-1894
strait in the Uruguay River, also nearby tableland south of Salto in Uruguay where Artigas set up his headquarters
Austro-Hungarian journalist, 1860-1904, father of political Zionism
Greek poet, 8th century B.C., author of Works and Days and the Theogony
Fishburn and Hughes: "A Greek epic poet, a near-contemporary of Homer and author of the Theogony and Works and Days. The Theogony details the history of the gods from their emergence from chaos to the moment when Pandora, the first woman, is entrusted by Zeus with ajar containing all the evils 90 which she will let loose on humanity. The Theme of the Traitor and the Hero: in the Works and Days Hesiod combines the moral teachings of the Theogony with rural precepts: continuing the story of Pandora, he traces the decline of mankind from the golden age through the silver and bronze ages down to the present iron age. The later part describes the various tasks which face the farmer and the appropriate times of year in which to perform them, harmonising the rhythm of nature with that of human life." (89)
Swiss poet and novelist, 1877-1962
Heston Aerodrome was a 1930s airfield to the west of London near Cranford
king of the Hegelings in the Gudrun
St. Ambrose work on Cain and Abel
German poet, 1887-1912
German writer, 1891-1985, associated with expressionism in his youth
Persian collection, the "Thousand Stories," probably derived from Sanskrit sources, and itself a source of the Arabian Nights
Longfellow poem, 1855.
Roman name for Ireland.
Fishburn and Hughes: "The Latin name for Ireland." (90)
Peruvian avant-garde poet, 1897-1967
Uruguayan poet, creator of gauchesque poetry, 1788-1822
author of a Vocabulario de germanía, 1609