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Parnell, Charles Stewart

Index: La forma de la espada, Artificios, Ficciones, OC,Obras completas. Buenos Aires: Emecé, 1974. 492. 5 de febrero, Biografía Sintética, TC,Textos cautivos. Barcelona: Tusquets, 1986. 83.

Irish nationalist leader, 1846-91

Fishburn and Hughes: A militant leader of the Irish Home Rule movement. Born into an Anglo-Irish Protestant family, Parnell became a Member of Parliament in 1875 and leader of the Home Rule Association a few years later. He encouraged filibustering, and his organisation of rent boycotting against unpopular landlords, together with his association with popular uprisings, led to his arrest in 1881. The resulting spate of violence persuaded the Prime Minister, Gladstone, to release him the following year. Parnell supported Gladstone's unsuccessful Home Rule Bill in 1886. In 1889 Captain O'Shea, who had been Parnell's ally and a moderate supporter of the Home Rule campaign, filed a divorce petition against him for adultery with his wife Kitty. The subsequent scandal ruined Parnell's influence in politics. Irish opinion was split, and the Catholic clergy finally rejected him and declared him unfit to lead. Parnell continued his revolutionary campaign, but his appeal found a response only with the younger generation. See Ireland, Yeats. The Shape of the Sword