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Trahison des clercs, La

Index: Pierre Menard, autor del Quijote, Ficciones, OC,Obras completas. Buenos Aires: Emecé, 1974. 449. Pierre Menard, CQ,Cervantes y el Quijote. Buenos Aires: Emecé, 2005. 45.

Benda work on the mission of the intellectual, 1927

Fishburn and Hughes: 'Betrayal of the intellectuals': the title of a French pamphlet by Julien Benda (1867-1956) published in 1927. Benda attacked nineteenth- and twentieth-century intellectuals who had failed to uphold their spiritual ideals, and had become involved instead in political and social causes. The expression has passed into common usage in France, though ironically it is often used to reproach those intellectuals who have retired from the problems of real life to their ivory towers. Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote